A cold, how to treat it and how to care for the upper respiratory tract

Did you know that a human nose filters 10-15,000 liters of air every day? That a small child can get a cold up to 12 times a year? And that the idea of ​​wrapping seawater in vials as a spray was created by water skiing?

The nose is the gateway to the respiratory tract. Its task is to treat the inhaled air - to heat or cool, humidify and filter microparticles of dust and other contaminants. The ability to perform these functions affects its condition - if the nose is healthy and resistant, everything is fine, if it is susceptible to illness or ill, it is a problem for the whole respiratory system.

The most common respiratory disease is a cold . It is mainly caused by rhinoviruses and is transmitted as a droplet infection. The main symptoms of rhinitis include itching and swelling of the nasal mucous accompanied by a watery and later dense nasal discharge. This secret contains viruses that can spread further. All you have to do is sneeze on the bus next to you or touch it in the shop. The incubation period of rhinitis is 1-3 days. A typical example is children in groups who are even more susceptible to a cold due to the immature immune system - one starts to run cold and a few days later half of the nursery will blow up. No wonder that cold is the most common reason why Czechs visit a pharmacy. Statistics also show that every 70-year-old has spent an incredible 6 years with a cold for his life.


Colds are trivial diseases, but our body still needs peace and time to get rid of it. It is ideal to spend a few days at home and literally climb the cold. The complications of rhinitis are quite unpleasant - from sinusitis with typical headache to painful otitis media, well known especially to parents of young children. Besides, when you are at home, you do not spread the infection. In addition to bed rest, patients reach for healing drops or spray in the nose . Most of them relieve the symptoms of a runny nose - releasing a clogged nose and relieving discharge. But there are also products that fight against the cause of the rhinitis - viruses - and therefore treat the rhinitis, not only relieving symptoms. 

Whichever drug you reach, it is recommended that you clean your nose first. During rhinitis, it is very clogged with mucus and dried scabs and the drug is poorly getting through these impurities on the nasal mucous where it is supposed to work. Therefore, spray seawater in your nose, blow your nose thoroughly before each administration of the nose drops , and then spray or drop the medicine.

But rhyme can be prevented - in addition to healthy diet and strengthening the body's natural immunity, it is also strengthening the airway resistance . Regular hygiene of the nose with sea water serves as an excellent prevention. Remember your holiday, how you breathed great at the sea! Franois Herlemont, a Frenchman, first realized the beneficial effect of seawater on his nose and his resilience in 1974. His great hobby was water skiing, spending a lot of time in Atlantic waters and finding that when his nose was so naturally and often in contact with seawater, no longer suffers from cold. He had the idea of ​​starting to pack seawater into bottles as a spray so that people in the inland without access to the sea could enjoy the beneficial effect of seawater on their nose - and so in 1975 it created the first seawater sprays.