A little about collagen
Collagen is probably the most widespread animal protein, accounting for about a third of all proteins in our body and 75% of the skin. It is an essential building block of all connective and support tissues. There are a total of 28 types of collagen, but in fact the most important factor for the condition of our skin is type I collagen, which is the most abundant in the human body. It occurs in the skin, tendons, bones and ligaments. In joint preparations, collagen type II is often present, which is naturally found in the body mainly in cartilage.
What is the function of collagen in the skin?
The presence of collagen in the skin is necessary for its firmness, elasticity and optimal water content (proper moistening of the skin and continuous immersion of its cells). If it is absent, the skin is fragile, weakened and less resistant to negative environmental influences. There is also a lack of water in the cells in the absence of collagen. Another manifestation of collagen deficiency is that the sebaceous glands do not form a very important fat protective film. All this means deteriorated skin quality. From an aesthetic (and feminine) point of view, it is most important that collagen deficiency causes wrinkles.
Native versus hydrolyzed collagen
When choosing a collagen product, you often come across the term "native" or "hydrolyzed" collagen. These terms describe the form in which collagen is present in the preparation. Native collagen is collagen in the same form as it is found in our body - its molecules form a triple helix. Hydrolyzed collagen is broken down into simpler and shorter chains (so-called peptides) that are easier to use in the body during the manufacturing process.
The action of these two types of collagens in the body is, according to the latest findings, quite different. While hydrolyzed collagen serves as a source of protein-producing raw materials, including collagen, native collagen works differently - affecting biological processes so as not to limit collagen production. Native collagens are administered at much lower doses (micrograms) than hydrolyzed (grams).
What does collagen get from?
The collagens contained in food supplements are obtained from animal sources - mainly pork, beef (then collagen is called bovine), fish or chicken and skin. With quality workmanship, the resulting product should make no difference in the source used to obtain collagen.
What active ingredients suitably supplement collagen?
Collagen preparations for beautiful skin are often enriched with other beneficial ingredients. Well-known hyaluronic acid, known for its water-binding capacity, is added to enhance hydration and maintain skin volume. Vitamin C is a key component of vitamins, contributing to normal collagen production, as well as biotin or vitamin H, and minerals with copper and zinc.
More tips for youthful looking skin
It is also important to maintain healthy eating principles, such as a varied diet with a balanced amount of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, to maintain a firm, smooth, youthful looking, wrinkle-free skin, remembering enough fluids to properly hydrate the skin. For the skin is very important good and sufficient sleep during which it has time to regenerate. The condition of the skin is negatively affected by smoking and alcohol. Externally, take care of your skin using only high-quality cosmetics, choose them according to your skin type and age, and regularly remove your makeup. An interesting option in skin care is the so-called "facial gymnastics."